Wart - an external manifestationpapilloma virus infection of the body. . . You can distinguish a wart from a mole on your own. As a rule, warts are hard to the touch, as they are covered with a horny mass and cause discomfort when touched. Moles, on the other hand, are smooth and soft. Outwardly, the wart is close to the skin color, standing out with a slight pink or yellow tint. A mole, on the contrary, always looks darker on the skin due to the accumulation of pigment in the cells of the epidermis.
Signs of wart and infection routes
For wart formations, their growth is characteristic, when smaller similar shapes appear near the first. The main precondition for their appearance is general health. If you find any new growth with a weakened immune system after illness or stress, it is most likely that the problem is the papilloma virus. Only a professional examination, analyzes and other diagnostic procedures can confirm or deny the presence of the disease.
The papilloma virus can enter the human body through cuts in the skin or mucous membranes in the following cases:
- direct contact with the wearer (however, he does not necessarily have warts);
- general use of household items (dishes or personal hygiene items);
- during sexual intercourse (warts may appear in intimate areas);
- non-sterile instruments (in the manicure room, tattoo parlor, medical office);
- in public institutions (sauna, swimming pool).
You should carefully monitor the integrity of the skin and select proven places for sports, recreation or personal care.
Causes and types of warts
The limbs, face and neck are most susceptible to possible infection. Microtrauma during shaving or work contributes to the penetration of the virus. By touching the face and other parts of the body with your hands, you can provoke the appearance of warts in these places.
Warts can be divided into several types.Ordinary- These are dense formations with a rounded shape. When touched, the surface is rough. They can appear on the hands or head without causing any obvious painful sensations. As a serious cosmetic defect, timely treatment is required.
Plantar type- growths, which in their appearance are very similar to calluses and deliver unpleasant painful sensations. As a rule, they are formed at the points of contact between the foot and the shoe. They require long-term treatment using various drugs.
The size of flat warts does not exceed 1 cm, they are usually painless. Most often they are flesh-colored, but they can be yellowish and protrude somewhat above the surface of the skin. Formations of this type can disappear on their own or remain for a long time, if the defect is not eliminated.
Genital or genital wartsoutwardly resemble a cockscomb. As a rule, they are a consequence of sexual intercourse and can appear on the oral mucosa or in the genital area. With mechanical contact, they cause pain. An infection can provoke their inflammation and increase in size. The treatment of genital warts should be dealt with only by specialized specialists - urologists or gynecologists.
The treatment of warts, which are only an external sign of the disease, must be approached in a comprehensive manner. This implies not only the removal of unwanted education, but the intake of antiviral and immunostimulating drugs, will strengthen the immune system, which will restrain the virus, becauseHPV remains in the human body for life. Removing only unwanted growths does not provide a complete recovery.
Even the elimination of growths requires special operating procedures and tools, so you need to get rid of warts using medical methods. Experienced specialists will always advise the patient and help to choose the necessary course of treatment in order to finally get rid of the dangerous ailment.
How to treat warts?
Warts appear as a result of infection with the human papillomavirus. Therefore, the treatment must be comprehensive. It is necessary not only to remove the growths, but also to undergo a course of antiviral and immunostimulating therapy prescribed by a doctor.
What are the types of warts?
Depending on the location, shape and color, warts are divided into several types: simple, flat, palmar-plantar, filiform and pointed. They can appear on the face, palms, hands, feet, neck, armpits, groin, and other areas of the body.
What warts are dangerous?
Warts are benign growths caused by a viral infection. They are often confused with other malignant skin lesions or the likelihood of becoming cancer. Only a dermatologist can distinguish these formations and determine their danger.
How long does the wart virus live?
The correct name is human papillomavirus. When infected, it remains in the human body forever.
Can warts be peeled off?
You cannot pluck or cut off warts on your own. In these cases, only the body of the wart is removed, but the root of the formation remains. As a result, a relapse occurs - an even larger growth grows in this place. Also, when a wart is removed in a rough way, severe bleeding occurs, and an infection can get into the wound.