Papilloma on the tongue

Patient asking for help from a dermatologist when papilloma is found on the tongue

Papilloma on the tongue is a dangerous manifestation of the activity of the virus and develops from epithelial cells. It can form not only on the surface of the tongue, but also on the mucous membranes in the oral cavity. Such neoplasms are painful, bleeding is often noted, their appearance is associated with inflammation.

What is papilloma on the tongue

It is not difficult to detect the presence of a growth on the surface of the tongue. This outgrowth is characterized by a rounded shape, protrudes above the mucous membrane and has a wide base.

Papillomas on the tongue are a dangerous manifestation of HPV. Symptoms: outgrowths on the tongue are rounded, up to 2 cm in size, similar to a nipple, soft in texture.

Diagnosis: differential diagnosis with oncological diseases of the tongue. Treatment: antiviral, immunocorrectors, removal.

The size of the formation is from 2 mm to 2 cm. Location: mainly on the back or edges of the tongue. In some cases - at its tip or under it. When the neoplasm is located near the root of the tongue, it is possible to identify it only when examined by a doctor or with extensive growth.

Outside, the papilloma looks like a nipple, it is similar in color to the shade of nearby tissues, and is soft in structure. On the surface of the tongue, both single and multiple growths are formed.

Often, the presence of papillomas in the tongue is not given due attention and a specialist is visited if the growths have become impressive in size or their number has increased significantly.

The papilloma itself does not cause pain discomfort or itching. But due to the frequent injury of the build-up, there are severe pain and bleeding. In addition, the build-up interferes with the process of chewing, swallowing, talking, and sometimes breathing.

Papilloma on the tongue is often found in the practice of dentists and ENT doctors. Removal is usually carried out by otorhinolaryngologists.

The radio wave method is used more often than others.

Exciter features:

  • Laboratory signsnoticeablenot immediately after infection. It will take about 3 months before the detection of growths.
  • The virus can show up in people with lowimmunity.In this regard, experts advise people with HPV to be tested for HIV.
  • In some cases, it is possible to recoveron one's own.During the recovery period, warts can disappear on their own.
  • eliminationexternal symptoms do not lead to elimination from the viral agent. There is no specific etiological therapy; antiviral agents are used in the treatment. They are effective in the presence of herpesvirus, hepatitis and other infections.


Having identified growths on the surface of the tongue or in the throat, it is necessary to establish which variety this condyloma belongs to. They are divided into 2 types:

  • Reactive.Papillomas are the result of the adverse effects of various irritants. These are mainly mechanical, chemical, thermal or infectious lesions.
  • Neoplastic.Seen very rarely. Outwardly, they resemble ordinary multiple nodular growths. They are presented in groups or single papules.

Papillomas that appear in children and adults on the surface of the tongue or in the throat also distinguish 2 types.


This is a growth under the tongue, which has a light pink tint and a sharp shape. In some cases, they can grow.

Outwardly similar to the cauliflower inflorescence. A similar neoplasm is formed on the leg. Small in size, but causes significant pain.

Sometimes there is discomfort in the process of swallowing. The pointed papilloma interferes, rubs against the teeth and cheeks. A favorite place for this wart will be the area under the tongue.

You need to be extremely careful. Self-therapy is prohibited. Treatment is permissible only under the supervision of a specialist.


They are characterized by clear marked contours, protrude somewhat above the surface of the skin. They are located in the throat, on the tonsils, on a small tongue. They don't cause much pain. They are extremely difficult to detect.

Any examination should be carried out by a doctor in a hospital setting. Self-treatment can lead to consequences for human life and health. Therapy involves the use of various medications. There is no need for surgical intervention.

When such growths appear in children, their difference will be the excessive growth of the tissues of the mucous membrane of a small tongue.

Location zones

Growths select areas on the oral mucosa that are subject to regular injury. When the stroma is involved in the ongoing inflammation, the outgrowth grows intensively. This is due to the fact that the stroma is the basis for organs.

It is formed from connective tissue, which is saturated with blood and lymphatic vessels with multiple nerve endings. Such an environment is favorable for condyloma. It immediately begins to grow, transforms into an ulcer, bleeds and causes severe discomfort.

Neoplasms that are located singly on the surface of the tongue need special attention. Similar symptoms are characteristic of females. The result is neuralgia.

Even if the warts are in a place where they are invisible, sensations in the oral cavity cause significant discomfort.


Papilloma on the tongue is difficult to remain invisible. Unpleasant sensations, burning, pain are concentrated at a certain point on the surface of the tongue.

The patient looks at the affected area and discovers a slight white growth that looks like a purulent pimple. The main reason for the appearance of genital warts on the surface of the tongue is human infection with HPV.

This is influenced by a number of provoking factors:

  • reduced workimmunesystems.
  • Tobacco smoking.
  • Overusealcohol.
  • Receptiondrugs.
  • chaoticsexya life.
  • Permanentcoldsdiseases.
  • Self-administration of oralcontraceptives.


Before visiting a doctor, a person must discover what worries him. It is necessary to identify the place of discomfort on the surface of the tongue. In children, this is shooting or aching pain, in adulthood it is a feeling of a foreign body or incessant discomfort in a certain place of the tongue.

More specifically, it is possible to establish papilloma on the following grounds:

  • The growth is located onleg.
  • Surfacewarts are mild.
  • Huewarts are similar to the shade of the tongue.
  • Dimensionsrange from 2 mm to 2 cm.

A favorite place for growths are the side walls of the tongue. Less often - under it or at the tip.

The neoplasm does not provoke severe pain, but discomfort or a feeling of a foreign body exists. Often there is more than one growth, with a thorough examination it is possible to identify a whole group of minor neoplasms.

A proper attitude to one's own health will help to identify papilloma in the tongue in a timely manner.


The growth on the anterior surface of the tongue is immediately visible. It interferes with normal eating, conversation, bleeds, due to the fact that it is easy to hook and damage it.

This provokes unpleasant pain sensations. When the condyloma is located in the oral cavity, for example, on the soft palate or on the back of the tongue, it is permissible to notice it, by chance, when examined by a patient specialist. Having found a growth, the doctor will examine its structure.

Papilloma is soft in structure. And the shade is somewhat lighter than the mucosa. When it is in the oral cavity, it will be rough.

A neoplasm in a child has a difference: warts seem to cover the tongue, cover the entire soft palate, and reach the tonsils. It is much easier to detect it in children than in adults.

Particular attention should be paid when examining people in old age: they often develop a cancerous tumor that resembles condyloma. Only in cancer at the base of the tissue from which the growth is formed, there is a clear seal.


A neoplasm under the tongue or in the oral cavity is treated under the supervision of a dermatologist. After a thorough and comprehensive study, he must prescribe medications. In some cases, warts can be removed surgically.

Medical therapy

Medicinal treatment consists in observing the following prescriptions:

  • Applicationlocaltherapy with an oil solution of vitamin A in the absence of indications for surgical removal of the growth.
  • Usageinterferons,which reduce the amount of viral DNA in the focus of pathology.
  • Simultaneous useimmunostimulatoryantiviral drugs.

At the moment, there is no effective remedy that could help to completely get rid of HPV. The use of any drugs should be agreed with a specialist.

Antiviral treatment

Antiviral therapy involves the use of medications to eliminate the development of HPV. Vitamin complexes are prescribed, they contribute to the activation of the body's defenses. The specialist recommends a balanced diet and an active lifestyle.

According to statistics, patients with papillomas have a weakened immune system. People with high immunity are carriers of HPV, but at the same time they do not have any manifestations on the skin.

The specialist prescribes immunomodulating agents, a complex of vitamins and restorative medicines. It should be remembered: immunity cannot be increased in one day through pills. Medicines are aimed at maintaining a weakened body during a critical period.


HPV is one of the few strains of viruses against which a vaccine has been developed. It includes organic substances similar in structure to the structure of live HPV viruses. Immunity against real pathogens is developed perfectly.

Before vaccination, it is necessary to exclude:

  • Pregnancy.Get tested or take a blood test.
  • Serious usemedicalfunds.
  • Othervaccinations.
  • seriousdiseaseblood.

Vaccinations are done intramuscularly. Dangerous side effects are observed extremely infrequently.


The method by which the papilloma will be removed must be chosen by the treating specialist. It depends on the location, the characteristics of the organism. There are the following ways to eliminate neoplasms:

  • Surgicalexcision with a surgical scalpel. After the procedure, "cauterization" is performed. A similar technique is used in the presence of single growths or when they are inaccessible and it is impossible to use other methods.
  • laserelimination. The most effective, painless method with no adverse effects. The downside is the high cost of the procedure.
  • Electrocoagulation.The method involves cauterization of the growth with current. The disadvantages include painful manipulation and a long rehabilitation period.
  • radio wavesurgery. The technique is similar to the previous one, but instead of current, high-frequency radio waves act on the papilloma. Pain is insignificant, the minimum number of adverse effects and a short rehabilitation period.
  • Cryodestruction.The most unpopular surgical way to eliminate papilloma on the tongue. The neoplasm is removed by the influence of cold on it. The wart is frozen to the temperature of liquid nitrogen. The growth will be frozen and die within a week.

If the technique involves the excision of the wart, then the biomaterial is sent for histological diagnosis in order to analyze the structure of the growth.


When papillomas occur on the tongue, the patient experiences some discomfort. So, while eating, the growth can easily come off. In addition, formations are visible during conversation and contribute to a change in speech.

The formations of the pointed type deliver not only physical, but also psychological inconvenience. Against the background of such a condition, a person may experience embarrassment at an appointment with a dentist, ENT. Complexes also appear when communicating with other people.

A serious danger is the localization of growths on the inside of the oral cavity, since they can provoke the penetration of another infection, resulting in an increased risk of blood poisoning. All this often leads to oncological diseases, which often end in death.


It is not difficult to take measures to protect against this pathology. Minimize the chance of HPV infection by:

  • avoid accidental and unprotectedgenitalcontacts, use contraception;
  • use personal itemshygiene;
  • dovaccinationfrom HPV to children and women at a young age.

When the infection has already taken place, it is necessary to prevent the activation of the viral agent due to weakened immunity:

  • use complexesvitamins;
  • get rid of badhabits;
  • avoidstressfulsituations and stress.

HPV infection should not be neglected and its manifestations should not be left without proper treatment from a qualified doctor.

Papilloma on the tongue is a dangerous formation that needs a mandatory visit to a highly qualified doctor. The main task of the patient will be the timely detection of growth and seeking help from a specialist.